Getting Started with PowerShell

April 03, 2022
4 min read
Saroj Kumar

Automation is the FUTURE!

Day to day tasks take a lot of manual efforts and time, which we can reduce by automation using scripts like PowerShell,Python,Bash and more.

PowerShell proves to be the versatile scripting language for Windows Devices and Cloud Apps to automate simple and repeatitive task. Let's discuss how we can take this opportunity.

Why PowerShell ?

As per Microsoft, with PowerShell we can sequentially execute multiple commands at once or pipe output commands to automate common tasks. It i s designed for app makers and administrators to automate tasks with environments and associated apps, flows, and connectors.

This increases the productivity of admins, engineers in just matter of time.

With system level access, the performance is high and with a lot of built in features, the scope is vast. This makes PowerShell the No.1 tool of Automation for Windows.

Advantages and ways of Use

Powershell is most useful for managing and automating Microsft environments. It helps users automate repeatitive and time-consuming tasks and tasks such as user management, CI/CD, managing cloud services, finding, filtering, expoorting information, interacting with system apps and more.

Let's see how we can use it.

Every windows device such as Windows 7,8,10, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2012 R2 and more have pre-installed PowerShell.

Checking if powershell installed or not

On your system, click on Win key and type 'powershell'. You will see some suggestions as below:


You see a bunch of powershell apps such as Windows PowerShell and Windows PowerShell ISE.

ISE stands for Integrated Scripting Environment.

Windows PowerShell ISE provides you a environment for writing scripts while you can use Windows PowerShell as a command shell.

Other than running commands or writing script, we can test, debug our scripts in ISE.

Now that you know powershell is installed, let's write some scripts.

Writing PowerShell Script

Open PowerShell ISE. You will see something like this:

PowerShell App

On the script pane, type hostname. Then, on the top you can see two little green play buttons. 1st one is for running whole file and 2nd one is for running only the selected script.

Click on the first play button, to run whole script. You will see your HostName on the left side PowerShell Terminal.

PowerShell Syntax

Powershell can run Command Prompt commands as well as PowerShell Code.

Unlike other programming/scripting languages, it also has DATATYPES, OPERATORS, DATA STRUCTURES, FUNCTIONS, CONDITIONALS(If, For, ForEach, While, Do-While), CLASSES. Additionally, It has commandlets(cmdlets),libraries and modules.

Variables and Datatypes

We declare varibales or assign values in PowerShell, in this way,

$Var_Text = "Hello World!"
$Var_Number = 0
$Var_Bool = $true
$Var_null = $null

# Single Line Comment


# Printing a variable to terminal
Write-Host $Var_Text

Here, Write-Host is a builtin cmdlet in PowerShell, that prints a variable to terminal. More on cmdlets later.

Conditinals and Functions

The basic systax is similar to the other programming/scripting languages, only with Capitalization ;p

	# Action

for ($i = 1; $i -lt 10; $i++){
	Write-Host $i

foreach ($Item in @(1,2,3,4,5)){ # @(1,2,3,4,5) creates an Array of 1,2,3,4,5
  Write-Host $Item

function MyFunction ($Param1, $Param2){

# Calling a Function
# MyFunction -Param1 <Param1Value> -Param2 <Param2Value>

Using CommandLets(cmdlets)

PowerShell has a builtin cmdlet for Every Operation you might perform on a Windows Device.

E.g. Fetching a list of files present in a Folder (Similar to dir for cmd.)

Get-ChildItem -Path "path/to/folder"

To Avail all the list of cmdlets we can run below command:

Get-Command -CommandType Cmdlet

OR to check if a specific command exists or not, type:

Get-Command -Name <command_name>

To Learn more about PowerShell scripting, refer:

Microsoft PowerShell Documentation Free Resources

If you want to read book:

Learn Windows PowerShell in a Month of Lunches

Bonus Tips

PowerShell is built on .NET. So, it has support of .NET which we can use to extend our possibility of automation and Save the Day!

Use can install powershell on other platforms like linux and run powershell scripts/cmdlets.

Powershell Gallery provides a wide range of Modules/Packages that can be installed to PowerShell.

That's it for this post. Let me know if you find these useful. See you on the next one.

If you like the post, feel free to share it.

Thank You



I'll be adding more posts soon. If you have any topic of interest or suggestion, contact me.



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